Wednesday, July 29, 2020

5 Tips for Onboarding New Employees with Ease - Focus

5 Tips for Onboarding New Employees with Ease - Focus Good employees are hard to come by in todays competitive job market. When you’re fortunate enough to succeed in your search and are ready to welcome new people to your team, you’ll want to make sure their introduction to your company goes as smoothly as possible. A consistent, comprehensive onboarding process is essential for effectively getting new hires up to speed and generating excitement about their new roles. To ensure your onboarding process sets new employees up for success, there are a few important steps to follow. Here, we’ll outline some onboarding best practices you can start implementing right away. 1. Encourage Feedback New employees are often full of great ideas, having come in with fresh eyes and unique experiences. You may not be able to act upon every idea right away, but it’s important to encourage new employees and show them their opinions are valued. Using an idea map to capture new â€" and veteran â€" employees’ ideas can be a great way to organize their input and potentially turn it into actionable tasks. Collecting and documenting feedback from employees also helps to hold yourself accountable for making continuous improvements to your onboarding process. Oracle’s onboarding revamp is a good example of this positive feedback loop in action. When CEO Mark Hurd recognized the faults in his company’s onboarding process, he looked to employees for feedback on their experiences and how they might improve Oracle’s onboarding. By acting on these insights, Oracle managed to boost favorable views of their onboarding process from around 30 percent of employees to 80 percent. 2. Provide Guidance Once employees are ready to start working on their core functions, providing them with step-by-step guides will help ensure that they don’t overlook important steps in their new tasks. Using a task management tool like MeisterTask, you can set up predefined checklists for this purpose. If you want a new marketing employee to begin sending out newsletters on their second day, you might create a checklist with all necessary steps in chronological order. It might look like this: Predefined checklists can help keep results consistent and provide new employees with an easy reference as they get used to their roles. Besides checklists for individual tasks, shared knowledge maps are another simple way to provide guidance to new employees. Knowledge maps are ontologies of your organizational knowledge. They can contain anything from design assets to email templates to information about your company’s mission and goals. These visual maps are easy to navigate and help your new employees to discover the information they’re looking for without having to ask their colleagues for assistance. 3. Follow Along By the end of their first week, new employees are likely ready to showcase their abilities and begin making real contributions. New employees want to feel like they’re making an impact, so providing them with early opportunities to demonstrate their talents can create a sense of meaning in those first few days. That being said, you don’t want to throw them to the wolves without proper monitoring. Tools such as MeisterTask offer managers the ability to “watch” entire projects and thus get notified instantly about any task changes or comments left by their team members. This can provide tangible insight into where new employees excel, as well as help to identify areas where they may need assistance. You want to encourage new hires to go at their own speed and figure out a routine that works best for them, but it’s also important that they learn how to prioritize their new responsibilities. Tools like RescueTime, Harvest or MeisterTask’s internal time tracker allow for automatic or manual tracking of time spent on specific tasks. If you implement this practice, reassure new employees you’re not judging them based on their timestamps, but are instead educating your business on how it can best help them organize their workload. 4. Automate Automating tasks in your onboarding program can create a more streamlined and consistent process. If you’re using MeisterTask, you can create tasks for all the typical steps in your onboarding process, beginning with pre-boarding paperwork. Using an automation, you can, for instance, let MeisterTask notify you via email as soon as the employment contract has been signed. Another automation could be set up to assign a task to your accountant to let them know that the new employee should be added to the payroll.   Automation can also be used to facilitate self-serve access to e-learning activities and lessons, so employees who need flexible scheduling can tailor their onboarding schedules to best suit their availability. 5. Track progress Unlike orientation, onboarding should be an ongoing process. In this phase, it’s important to track the new employee’s progress with milestones, such as their 30th, 60th, and 90th days on the job. Regularly checking in with employees offers chances to review performance, provide feedback, identify any challenges, and let them know you’re invested in their growth. You can use a MindMeister mind map as a visual aid for your progress meetings with the employee. Mind maps are easy to update and offer space for personal comments, notes and more. Research shows that 42% of employees are more productive when they have access to proper onboarding processes. There’s simply no question about the importance of fully optimizing your onboarding program, and we hope these recommendations can help you set up your future employees for success. Visualize and automate your workflow. Get the Meister Bundle Save 30% Get the Meister Bundle 5 Tips for Onboarding New Employees with Ease - Focus Good employees are hard to come by in todays competitive job market. When you’re fortunate enough to succeed in your search and are ready to welcome new people to your team, you’ll want to make sure their introduction to your company goes as smoothly as possible. A consistent, comprehensive onboarding process is essential for effectively getting new hires up to speed and generating excitement about their new roles. To ensure your onboarding process sets new employees up for success, there are a few important steps to follow. Here, we’ll outline some onboarding best practices you can start implementing right away. 1. Encourage Feedback New employees are often full of great ideas, having come in with fresh eyes and unique experiences. You may not be able to act upon every idea right away, but it’s important to encourage new employees and show them their opinions are valued. Using an idea map to capture new â€" and veteran â€" employees’ ideas can be a great way to organize their input and potentially turn it into actionable tasks. Collecting and documenting feedback from employees also helps to hold yourself accountable for making continuous improvements to your onboarding process. Oracle’s onboarding revamp is a good example of this positive feedback loop in action. When CEO Mark Hurd recognized the faults in his company’s onboarding process, he looked to employees for feedback on their experiences and how they might improve Oracle’s onboarding. By acting on these insights, Oracle managed to boost favorable views of their onboarding process from around 30 percent of employees to 80 percent. 2. Provide Guidance Once employees are ready to start working on their core functions, providing them with step-by-step guides will help ensure that they don’t overlook important steps in their new tasks. Using a task management tool like MeisterTask, you can set up predefined checklists for this purpose. If you want a new marketing employee to begin sending out newsletters on their second day, you might create a checklist with all necessary steps in chronological order. It might look like this: Predefined checklists can help keep results consistent and provide new employees with an easy reference as they get used to their roles. Besides checklists for individual tasks, shared knowledge maps are another simple way to provide guidance to new employees. Knowledge maps are ontologies of your organizational knowledge. They can contain anything from design assets to email templates to information about your company’s mission and goals. These visual maps are easy to navigate and help your new employees to discover the information they’re looking for without having to ask their colleagues for assistance. 3. Follow Along By the end of their first week, new employees are likely ready to showcase their abilities and begin making real contributions. New employees want to feel like they’re making an impact, so providing them with early opportunities to demonstrate their talents can create a sense of meaning in those first few days. That being said, you don’t want to throw them to the wolves without proper monitoring. Tools such as MeisterTask offer managers the ability to “watch” entire projects and thus get notified instantly about any task changes or comments left by their team members. This can provide tangible insight into where new employees excel, as well as help to identify areas where they may need assistance. You want to encourage new hires to go at their own speed and figure out a routine that works best for them, but it’s also important that they learn how to prioritize their new responsibilities. Tools like RescueTime, Harvest or MeisterTask’s internal time tracker allow for automatic or manual tracking of time spent on specific tasks. If you implement this practice, reassure new employees you’re not judging them based on their timestamps, but are instead educating your business on how it can best help them organize their workload. 4. Automate Automating tasks in your onboarding program can create a more streamlined and consistent process. If you’re using MeisterTask, you can create tasks for all the typical steps in your onboarding process, beginning with pre-boarding paperwork. Using an automation, you can, for instance, let MeisterTask notify you via email as soon as the employment contract has been signed. Another automation could be set up to assign a task to your accountant to let them know that the new employee should be added to the payroll.   Automation can also be used to facilitate self-serve access to e-learning activities and lessons, so employees who need flexible scheduling can tailor their onboarding schedules to best suit their availability. 5. Track progress Unlike orientation, onboarding should be an ongoing process. In this phase, it’s important to track the new employee’s progress with milestones, such as their 30th, 60th, and 90th days on the job. Regularly checking in with employees offers chances to review performance, provide feedback, identify any challenges, and let them know you’re invested in their growth. You can use a MindMeister mind map as a visual aid for your progress meetings with the employee. Mind maps are easy to update and offer space for personal comments, notes and more. Research shows that 42% of employees are more productive when they have access to proper onboarding processes. There’s simply no question about the importance of fully optimizing your onboarding program, and we hope these recommendations can help you set up your future employees for success. Visualize and automate your workflow. Get the Meister Bundle Save 30% Get the Meister Bundle

Friday, May 22, 2020

The Leadership Style Of The And Mentally Retarded After...

I worked a variety of jobs revolving around children and the mentally retarded after graduating high school with no clear idea of what I wanted to do long term and never considering a health care profession. In a way I might say it happened by accident. I moved to a new city and found a job through a staffing agency as a receptionist in an orthopedic surgeon’s office and this is when I found my calling. I truly enjoyed working with patients and made the decision to go back to school at the age of 25. Approximately a year later I began my education in Radiologic Technology and there I was exposed to Radiation Oncology. I was drawn to Radiation Oncology due to my passion for patient care and knew I could make a difference in the lives I touched. I have always described my leadership style as situational. It’s hard to define a dominate style. I would say I identify with the affiliative style. However I can also relate to servant leadership style. It has some simi lar attributes as the situational leadership style such as adapting to fit the situation. At one point in my career I worked for a large corporation experiencing constant change in addition to annual reduction in forces. This lead to staff constantly be in fear of losing their jobs and morale was low. I assessed the market workflows and make the necessitated changes. I was fortunate to have two mentors that stand out in my career specifically in my first management role. One a Regional Director and theShow MoreRelatedHistory of Social Work18530 Words   |  75 Pagesby understanding contributions of pioneers of Social Work Understanding William Beveridge Contribution that shaped global welfare policies Understanding the historical development of various fields of social work –Medical Psychiatric Social Work, School/Correctional Social Work etc Understanding the evolution of Social Welfare in India, largest democratic welfare state in the world 4 S.Rengasamy-History of Social Welfare / Social Work Understanding History through Historical Phases Read MoreStatement of Purpose23848 Words   |  96 Pages(Clinical--research)............................................................................................ 14 Psychology (cross-cultural) .................................................................................................. 16 Psychology (School) ............................................................................................................. 18 Social Work ........................................................................................................................Read MoreHuman Resources Management150900 Words   |  604 PagesCHAPTER 1 Changing Nature of Human Resource Management After you have read this chapter, you should be able to: ââ€"  Identify four major HR challenges currently facing organizations and managers. List and define each of the seven major categories of HR activities. Identify the three different roles of HR management. Discuss the three dimensions associated with HR management as a strategic business contributor. Explain why HR professionals and operating managers must view HR management as an

Saturday, May 9, 2020

Nc Bar Exam Essay Topics Features

Nc Bar Exam Essay Topics Features It can provide you a notion of what questions may be asked and which areas to concentrate on when you're studying. There's no need to obtain several books and guides that are quite costly. There's no need to take care of everything equally once you study for the essay part of the bar exam. Be ready to laugh or cry. High school isn't free in Kenya. Therefore, you must select any university in which offers you a chance to learn although you'll be nevertheless working. Obviously, other jurisdiction particular requirements have to be met too. As of this moment, there's no indication on what format that local component is going to have. It's testing us on a huge quantity of material. Produce mnemonics for all of the rules with various elements. By the time the demand of private support worker was increased. The additional price tag of the bodily materials cover the price of producing and shipping them. You will feel overwhelmed as you'll co nstantly be forgetting what you've already read it's ok, during the previous 23 weeks you'll be reviewing everything and will observe that you truly bear in mind a good deal. Not only does this make you study more, but additionally, it makes you review everything you're not 100% sure about. Terrific rating and superior reviews should tell you whatever you will need to understand about this excellent writing service. The internet questions can be retrieved by means of a web browser anywhere an online connection is available. Our nationally renowned bar review course has a number of features we'd love to have a moment to brag about. Keep in mind, in addition, there are discounts available when purchasing all 3 e-books and free shipping when purchasing all three text books. Flavanols are again the ingredient that's accountable for these advantages and dark chocolate is full of flavanols. Instead, all of the stuff can be found on the web, and you can acquire it in just one click. One of the greatest ways to get ready for the bar is to study old bar exams. Click the picture to allow it to be bigger! Up in Arms About Nc Bar Exam Essay Topics? If you know what things to expect, you're not as likely to panic and go blank during the exam. You won't ever feel more prepared for the essay part of the exam. Right before the exam you will truly feel that just 2 more weeks of additional study would help you save you so begin studying as early as you are able to! Review the previous questions and answers as part of your bar exam preparation. The Essay Master Course offers the best tools available to aid students PASS the essay part of the North Carolina Bar Exam. The Uniform Bar Exam isn't a new notion. The California bar exam isn't an exception. Be sure the particular courses are going to be in collection together with your job aims. You should furthermore take time to research your courses so you'll have the ability to pick your a single which will provide someone together with sufficient education. Traditionally, on account of the overall difficulty of state bar exams, most law school graduates had chosen to take some type of external bar preparation training course. Every student states that I'd like to know CNA classes near me. Ideas, Formulas and Shortcuts for Nc Bar Exam Essay Topics Chemistry is a subject which, basically, supplies you with useful information concerning the different substances or varieties of materials which compose the physical world around us and the way in which they behave or react with one another. PaperCoach can assist you with all your papers, so take a look at the moment! Be certain you have adequate materials to help you get ready for the MBE subjects. Your score is dependent upon the degree of questions you receive in the test paper. Please be aware that selected answers are unavailable for all questions below. You may also contact us with your questions and among the staff will aid you.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

When I Was a Lad Free Essays

Throughout my life, a number of events have happened that I have never forgotten. None of these things are particularly important, but each of them have made such an impression on me that I have never been able to get them out of my mind. Each of them have remained seared on my memory. We will write a custom essay sample on When I Was a Lad or any similar topic only for you Order Now The first occurred when I was about five or six years old, every weekend my family and I would go into town to do the weekly shopping. My sisters and I would each be given a pound with which to buy an ice cream. If we had any change left over, we would go to a nearby sweet shop and buy a small pick ‘n’ mix. However, one day, we passed by a bookshop which was filled from floor to ceiling with shelves upon shelves of books and magazines. In the window, was the 1992 Beano Annual which I wanted more than anything in the world. I used to buy the Beano comic every week on the way home from school with the change from my dinner money. I pleaded with my parents to buy me it but they told me that I would have to save up my change from my ice cream every week until I had enough money to buy it myself. My elder sister had also seen a book she liked and so decided to save up her money as well. So every weekend I would purchase a small ice cream instead of a large one so as to receive more change. However, my sister still purchased a large ice cream so she received less change than me. After a month or two of saving, my father took my sister and I back to the bookshop. I was quite confident that I would have a bit of money left over and I was correct, after I had purchased the Beano Annual I had a pound to spare. However, when it came to buying my sisters book she was just under a pound short of purchasing it. I thought that it served her right for being so greedy by purchasing a large ice cream every week. However, she started to cry, right in the middle of the shop. People were turning around and staring at us, so my dad took my pound off me and gave it to my sister! I was outraged! I hadn’t had small ice creams all those weeks while she had large ones just so I could give my money to her! I stormed out of the shop and ran away as fast as I could, but my father soon caught up with me and gave me a good telling off before dragging me home. Now that I look back, I don’t see why I made such a big deal about it. The next thing that stands out in my mind, happened two or three years later when my family and I went on holiday to Majorca. We stayed in an apartment on the top floor of the building that was directly next to the beach. The sun beamed down on us every day that we were there so we were on the beach most days. The beach was in a secluded bay in Porta Pollenca and the water was a lot warmer than at any British beaches. A couple of days into the holiday, my elder sister and I rented a pedalo. A pedalo is a funny looking rowing boat that is sailed by means of pedals and steered by a sort of joystick. We decided to pedal out into the middle of the bay where there was a small rocky island that would only be able to hold about three people at a squeeze. It took about five minute to reach the tiny island and we decided to get out and sit on it. We sat and looked out back at the beach and talked for what must have been about five minutes. My sister looked at her watch and said that we should be going as our parents would be wondering where we were so we turned around to get back into the pedalo only to find that it had gone! We looked around the bay and saw that it had floated quite a long way away, we were stranded! None of us could swim very well so we couldn’t swim out to the pedalo. It was then that a large green crab crawled up onto the rock. My sister is afraid of anything with eight limbs, spiders and crabs alike, so she started to scream at the top of her voice and jump up and down, flailing her arms around. Everybody on shore started to point and stare at us. In the end, someone phoned the lifeguard and they came out and took us back to shore, it was so humiliating! It is memories like these that have shaped me into who I am today. I still have the 1992 Beano Annual up in the attic along with photographs of my holiday to Majorca. But in several years time, when these things are covered in layers of dust and are just about ready to fall apart, the memories that they have given me will live on for eternity in my mind, and when I’m old and senile, I can torture any grandchildren I may have by regailing them with tales of ‘when I was a lad’. How to cite When I Was a Lad, Papers

Wednesday, April 29, 2020

The Real Housewives of Elysian Fields Essays -

Sarah Cherry Professor Suzanne Carlton ENC1102 18 May 2016 The Real Housewives of Elysian Fields Is being in a relationship the key to happiness and should marriage be a womens ultimate life goal? The play A Streetcar Named Desire by Tennessee Williams presents a penetrating look into the way the attitudes of American women and their dependence on men define them. This dependence can place them in situations that eventually lead to their unhappiness and disenchantment. Blanche and Stella both see men as their means to happiness and both depend on men for both their sustenance and their self-image. Blanche and Stellas dependence on men showcases the mentality of women during that time frame but there are segments of American women today who still grapple with this misconception. The ultimate fantasy that endures even today is that a woman can rely on a man to make her happy. By looking for anyone other than oneself to provide for one's happiness a woman becomes less realistic about her needs, and therefore less fulfilled than had she looked inward. In Scene 4 there is a long conversation between Blanche, the aging Southern belle and Stella, the more solid and earthly sister. During this conversation Blanche urges Stella to leave Stanley her physically abusive husband. After Stanley assaults Stella, she comes back to him and the sisters have a conversation about their future which illustrates Blanches' attitude of depending on men to solve her problems and also Stella's acceptance of her life with Stanley. In my opinion? Youre married to a madman says Blanche trying to convince Stella her husband is no good (Williams 1842). Blanche goes on to say how Stella should try and find a way out of her relationship with Stanley, I am not in anything that I have a desire to get out of says Stella, who is in love and denies the fact she is unhappy with Stanley. People have got to tolerate each others habits, I guess, Stella not only accepts her lifestyles with Stanley she makes excuses for his abusive ways (Williams 1842). But Blanche's al ternativecontacting her ex-beau Shep Huntleigh for financial supportstill involves complete dependence on men. When Stella chooses to remain with Stanley, she chooses to remain dependent on a man even though her dependence is much more realistic than Blanche's rescue fantasy. Although it is not an easy lifestyle Stella seems somewhat satisfied with her life. Stanley dominates Stella in every way and is physically and emotionally abusive. Stella excuses her husbands behavior as being his way of releasing the tension of work and home. Their relationship is heavily based on a powerful, animal-like sexual chemistry. Stanley's character is drawn as somewhat of a caveman, the ultimate provider from the initial scene of him tossing the day's hunt, the meat, to Stella on the porch. Throughout the play his "animal" characteristics are commented on and implied as seen in the following conversation between Stella and Blanche. BLANCHE. May I speak plainly? STELLA. Yes, do. Go ahead. As plainly as you want to. [Stanley enters, stands unseen through following] BLANCHE. Well if youll forgive me hes common! STELLA. Why, yes, I suppose he is. BLANCHE. Suppose! You cant have forgotten that much of our bringing up, Stella, that you just suppose that any part of a gentlemans in his nature! Not one particle, no! Oh, if he was just ordinary! Just plain but good and wholesome, but no. Theres something downright bestial about him! Youre hating me saying this, arent you? Blanche believes Stanley acts like an animal, has an animals habits! Eats like one, moves like one, talks like one!, and that Theres even something sub-human something not quite to the stage of human yet! Yes, something ape-like about him (Williams 1845). As a provider Stanley is not exemplary but manages to keep a roof over Stella's head and she seems reasonable content with her life. Stella ties her life to Stanley with the most common bond. Despite their relative poverty and the violence of their relationship Stella chooses to have a child with Stanley and therefore cement their bond. This is a phenomenon is seen repeatedly in our current society. One only has to turn on an episode of Maury Povich

Friday, March 20, 2020

The Writing Process Part 1 Finding a job in today’s tough job market Essays

The Writing Process Part 1 Finding a job in today’s tough job market Essays The Writing Process Part 1 Finding a job in today’s tough job market Paper The Writing Process Part 1 Finding a job in today’s tough job market Paper The Writing Process Part 1 Finding a job in today’s tough job market It is well known that we are in the midst of an unfathomable economic depression or otherwise the worst economic situation since the period of the great depression. Almost every organizations or companies are announcing daily about reducing employment and the unemployment level is increasing rapidly to the worst level. There is high competition in the job market so it is essential that you use the available tools so that you can achieve the position that you aspire. Now let us take some of the essential key rules of thriving into a job search in the tough job market. However, before I start giving out essential principles of successful job search, I want to present to you how I managed to get my job. When I graduated from the college nearly eight years ago, I bought a newspaper, read through the advertisement job pages and I was ever connected on the network. I kept on like this until one time I received a call from one of the biggest automotive industry. Therefore, you have to know that going through a job search is mentally exhausting. However, you should be patience because it can be sometimes frustrating and leads to rejection especially when you fail to get a job for a long time. It is essential to prepare for a job search just like the way athletes prepare for a competition. You should know that everybody is going though the same process and it is normal but eventually success comes after when you adhere to the following tips, First, use the technology for your own benefit. In the modern world, technology has become a vital tool in that one cannot do without it. Therefore, you should utilize technology as much as possible. It is good to create e-mails and subscribe for job alerts that match with your course criteria. Create blogs on the subject of your expertise area and stay connected to social networks. I am sure that you are aware of the network and even familiar with it because mostly you do research work or course work using the computer or form a group discussion. So do not go outside and forget that computer have completed their college work. It is now that you should understand that you are going to need computers more than ever. Take use of social networking. Make sure that to attend various organizational events where you can be able to meet all kinds of people and try to seek advice on job search from them. Do not get tired and feel discouraged even though they will not attend you positively. You should be patience and understand why you are out their and what you are searching for because it is through hardworking and tolerance that you can be able to achieve your goals. You should bear in mind that the purpose of attending events on different organizations is to be acquainted with the skills and grow in your networking. This will enable you to develop potential skills that will one time help you when being called for an interview (Roebuck and McKenney, 2006). You should prepare fully for an interview. I know everybody will search to get an interview but the interviews are not meant for open positions. In this point, you should now realize that social networking is crucial because you might be interviewed on what you know about the company where you have gone for an interview. Incase you had already attended the company’s events you are then likely to pass your interview. Another thing you should not forget is dressing code when going for an interview. Some people tend to forget that dressing is part of an interview therefore, incase you are interviewed for a manufacturing industry, be in a conservative attires. Part 2 The process I used to draft my message was that first, I had to organize the message by choosing on the essential ideas that can enable me to deliver my message. I started with prewriting my speech whereby I outlined many points. Secondly, I started writing down the crucial ideas on another draft. In addition, I had to revise on my points that can enable me to draw the attention of my audience. Lastly, I revised my points in order to ensure whether my speech met the required value. My audiences are the students who will be graduating because they are the one mostly affected especially when it comes to competition for jobs in today’s job market. However, other audience may include parents and guardians who will accompany them to graduation because they are affected indirectly especially when it comes to helping their children find a job. Others may include honorable guests and lecturers who will be present in graduation day. In addition, business managers and others executive members from different companies or organizations who will be present will be my audience because they have knowledge about the existing job issues in the economy. My audience was displeased because of the high unemployment rates in the economy and the way I expressed my points to them. I used inductive approach by giving examples about the situation that I went through before I got a job. My audience were displeased especially students who realized that getting a job is not easy after they listened to my speech. I outlined the main ideas from the first draft and included the major points in the second draft. This is because I did not want to make long speech that could have ended boring my audience. I used inductive information sequencing approach because this is a constructivist form of passing across the information and it is more student-centered. This is because my speech aims mostly students who are ready to face the challenges of job market. This method is widely used because it is more experimental and it gives practical example that indicates a direction of something. I wrote the second draft because the first draft had many ideas but after proofreading, I had to choose the essential ideas that can benefit my audience. I had to revise on my points to make sure the points are correct and if they are in line with the speech that I was to present. Reference Roebuck, D. B., McKenney, M. A. (2006). Improving business communication skills. Upper Saddle River, N.J: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

Caecilians, the Snake-Like Amphibians

Caecilians, the Snake-Like Amphibians Caecilians are an obscure family of slender-bodied, limbless amphibians that- at first glance- resemble snakes, eels and even earthworms. Their closest cousins, however, are better-known amphibians like frogs, toads, newts, and salamanders. Like all amphibians, caecilians  have primitive lungs that enable them to take in oxygen from the surrounding air, but crucially, these vertebrates also need to absorb additional oxygen through their moist skin. (Two species of caecilians lack lungs entirely, and thus are completely dependent on osmotic respiration.) Some species of caecilians are aquatic and have slender fins running along their backs that enable them to move through water efficiently. Other species are primarily terrestrial and spend much of their time burrowing underground and hunting for insects, worms and other invertebrates using their acute sense of smell. (Since caecilians need to stay moist to stay alive, they not only look but also behave much like earthworms, rarely showing their face to the world unless theyve been uprooted by a spade or a careless foot). Because they mostly live underground, modern caecilians have little use for a sense of sight, and many species have partially or entirely lost their vision. The skulls of these amphibians are pointed and consist of strong, fused bones- adaptations that enable caecilians to bore through mud and soil without doing any damage to themselves. Due to the ring-like folds, or annuli, that encircle their bodies, some caecilians have a very earthworm-like appearance, further confusing people who dont even know that caecilians exist in the first place! Oddly enough, caecilians are the only family of amphibians to reproduce via internal insemination. The male caecilian inserts a penis-like organ into the cloaca of the female and keeps it there for two or three hours. Most caecilians are viviparousthe females give birth to live young, rather than eggsbut one egg-laying species feeds its young by allowing the newborn hatchlings to harvest the outer layer of the mothers skin, which is well-stocked with fat and nutrients and replaces itself every three days. Caecilians are found primarily in the wet tropical regions of South America, Southeast Asia, and Central America. They are most widespread in South America, where they are especially populous in the dense jungles of eastern Brazil and northern Argentina. Caecilian Classification Animalia Chordata Amphibian Caecilian Caecilians are divided into three groups:  beaked caecilians, fish caecilians, and common caecilians. There are about 200 caecilian species overall; some undoubtedly have yet to be identified, lurking in the interiors of impenetrable rain forests. Because they are small and easily degraded after death, caecilians are not well represented in the fossil record and consequently not much is known about the caecilians of the Mesozoic or Cenozoic eras. The earliest known fossil caecilian is Eocaecilia, a primitive vertebrate that lived during the Jurassic  period and (like many early snakes) was equipped with tiny, vestigial limbs.